The threat posed by drones, the financing of terrorism through cryptocurrency and the use of the Internet by terrorist groups were among the main concerns raised on Saturday during the meeting of the Counter Terrorism Committee (CTC) of the United Nations Security Council in New Delhi.

Government officials and experts from several countries expressed their views on the use of emerging technologies by terrorists. At the end of the two-day meeting, the CLC Delhi Declaration took note of the threats and called on members to take action to combat them.

The statement expressed “deep concern that terrorism…has become more diffuse…aided by the adaptation of terrorists and the use of new and emerging technologies…while acknowledging that technological innovations can offer significant opportunities in the fight against terrorism”.

He noted with “additional concern, the growing global misuse of unmanned aerial systems (UAS) by terrorists to carry out attacks and incursions against critical infrastructure and soft targets or public places, and to drug and arms trafficking”.

Expressing concern over the access that groups such as the Islamic State and Al-Qaeda have to drones, the statement called on member states “to develop a comprehensive understanding of the risks posed by the terrorist use of UAS and specific systems of terrorist groups to acquire UAS”. and their components.

He also called on members to develop measures to deter, detect and disrupt the acquisition and use of drones by terrorists, and to partner with the private sector to this end.

Representatives from countries like China, Russia and France argued for a unified approach against the drone threat and demanded a regulatory framework that could be adopted by member states.

“UAS remain attractive to malicious actors because they are relatively accessible, affordable and require minimal training…A whole-of-society approach is needed to counter terrorist exploitation of UAS,” said Madan Oberoi, Executive Director of technology and innovation at Interpol.

Oberoi said an Interpol report had highlighted drones as an asymmetric threat to law enforcement and that agencies and industry needed to work together to counter them.

“The report indicates that the drone appears to be an asymmetric threat to law enforcement. He also recommended a unified drone threat reporting system, increased law enforcement engagement with industry, and a strong need for legislation and regulation to protect restricted airspace in the national interest.” he declared.

The United States said there had been a global increase over the past year in attacks involving armed aerial systems. “Terrorists and other non-state actors have used UAS to attack critical infrastructure and military and diplomatic installations. We must continue to share best practices building on existing efforts such as the GCTFS Berlin Memorandum on Best Practices for Countering Terrorist Use of UAS,” the U.S. Representative said.

The UAE said the global community must put in place a mechanism to prevent the purchase of UAS components by terrorist groups, drone deterrence, tracking and neutralization systems, and the prosecution of perpetrators.

China also pointed to the challenges of drones and internet use by terrorist groups. “We need to build a closed network in cyberspace and pay attention to UAS technology and apply regulatory oversight and strengthen defense systems,” the Chinese representative said.

Taeil Kang, capacity building director of the World Customs Organization, said they are developing AI-enabled X-rays to curb the illegal import and export of drones.

Justin Hustwitt, coordinator of the UN’s Analytical Support and Sanctions Monitoring Team, told how ISIS and Al-Qaeda were increasingly using drones to mount attacks around the world and that he There were reports that they were developing larger drones to mount long range attacks.

“The challenge in the fight against drones is the lack of harmonized regulatory jurisdictions. An international regulatory framework is needed,” Hustwitt said.

On the threat of cryptocurrencies, the Delhi statement called on member states to “review and assess the risks associated with…prepaid cards, virtual assets and…crowdfunding platforms, and implement a fight against the risk-based money laundering (AML) and terrorist financing. (LFT) regulations, monitoring and supervision of relevant service providers”.

The statement acknowledges the “essential” role of the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) in this regard. She called on Member States to improve the traceability and transparency of financial transactions.

FATF Vice President Elisa de Anda Madrazo lamented the lack of cryptocurrency legislation in many countries and called for urgent action.

“We published our first risk report over a decade ago and we also published the first set of standards for visual assets three years ago in 2019. Implementation is going far too slowly. Only 60 countries have begun to regulate this sector and attempt to regulate it. The rest of the world has no regulations and most of them have not even started the legislative process. This is very concerning because even though the standards are taking time to be implemented, there is a sense of urgency here and until most jurisdictions implement these new rules there will not be possible to start implementing the travel rule (account of one transaction),” she said. .

Russia has also raised a red flag on cryptocurrencies.

“Terrorists diversify their methods of financing. So-called crowdfunding platforms seem to be very popular among terrorist groups. The very active use of crypto exchanges by terrorist groups is a significant challenge. There is still no control over cryptocurrency even though terrorists continue to use them at a time when they (virtual currency) have gained greater popularity. This benefits terrorist groups who adapt very well to constantly changing conditions and quickly learn to conduct their transactions online,” the Russian representative said.

The UK said it was taking an international approach to tackling the problem of terrorist use of the internet and social media.

“We are working with our international partners and technology companies to ensure that there are no safe spaces for terrorists to operate online. We are ensuring that law enforcement can fight against terrorist financing such as crypto assets and we fund the development of counter-drone technology,” the UK representative said.

The Delhi Declaration notes “with concern the increased use, in a globalized society, by terrorists and their supporters of the Internet…for recruitment and incitement to commit terrorist acts, as well as for financing, planning and preparation for their activities.

The United Arab Emirates said efforts to remove terrorist content from the internet were a challenge because the world lacked consensus on the definition of terrorism.

“Terrorists have exploited the internet to further radicalization, incitement to violence and recruitment. Efforts to moderate and remove this content have been difficult. One reason being the lack of international agreement on what constitutes terrorism. Nonetheless, we could combat such content with a strong, factual, and effectively deployed counter-narrative that promotes tolerance, social cohesion, and peaceful coexistence. Strengthening cooperation between different sections of society is crucial to these efforts,” the UAE representative said.

The Delhi Declaration emphasized the need for Member States to “pursue voluntary cooperation with the private sector and civil society, in order to develop and implement more effective ways to counter the use of new and emerging technologies, including the Internet, for terrorist purposes”.

Russia said that according to its data, 90% of terrorist attacks worldwide have been carried out by deploying cutting-edge emerging communication technologies.

“Recruitment is 80% based on online technologies and we are seeing more instances of terrorist attacks being demonstrated publicly as well as online. Given the use of technology to support violent terrorist objectives, governments are often underperforming. We must curb the deployment of Internet technologies by terrorists,” the Russian representative said.